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Precompiled Contracts

Precompiled smart contract is a contract with a C++ implementation in node. When a validator runs a transaction on such smart contract, it can execute this implementation instead of TVM. This improves performance and allows to reduce computation fees.


The list of precompiled contracts is stored in the masterchain config:

precompiled_smc#b0 gas_usage:uint64 = PrecompiledSmc;
precompiled_contracts_config#c0 list:(HashmapE 256 PrecompiledSmc) = PrecompiledContractsConfig;
_ PrecompiledContractsConfig = ConfigParam 45;

list:(HashmapE 256 PrecompiledSmc) is a map (code_hash -> precomplied_smc). If the code hash of a contract is found in this map then the contract is considered precompiled.

Contract execution

Any transaction on a precompiled smart contract (i.e. any contract with code hash found in ConfigParam 45) is executed in as follows:

  1. Get gas_usage from the masterchain config.
  2. If the balance is not enough to pay for gas_usage gas then the compute phase fails with skip reason cskip_no_gas.
  3. Code can be executed in two ways:
  4. If the precompiled execution is disabled or the C++ implementation is not available in the current version of the node then TVM runs as usual. Gas limit for TVM is set to the transaction gas limit (1M gas).
  5. If the precopmiled implementation is enabled and available then the C++ implementation is executed.
  6. Override compute phase values: set gas_used to gas_usage; set vm_steps, vm_init_state_hash, vm_final_state_hash to zero.
  7. Computation fees are based on gas_usage, not the actual TVM gas usage.

When precompiled contract is executed in TVM, the 17th element of c7 is set to gas_usage and can be retrieved by GETPRECOMPILEDGAS instruction. For non-precompiled contracts this value is null.

The execution of precompiled contracts is disabled by default. Run validator-engine with --enable-precompiled-smc flag to enable it.

Note that both ways to execute a precompiled contract yield the same transaction. Therefore, validators with and without C++ implemetation can safely co-exist in the network. This allows adding new entries to ConfigParam 45 without requiring all validators to update node software immediately.

Available implementaions

Hic sunt dracones.

See Also